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Creating a Culture of Achievement Through Business A Start Up Guide for People With Disabilities von Del Torro, Wheeler (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 03.03.2015
  • Verlag: BookBaby
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Creating a Culture of Achievement Through Business

Creating a culture of achievement - whether it is at the individual, family, community or national level is the first step to encouraging everyone to consider the benefits of entrepreneurship. This book provides a history of perceptions of people with disabilities in the United States, straightforward exercises to develop an entrepreneurial mindset and a step-by-step process to start a business.


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: none
    Seitenzahl: 222
    Erscheinungsdatum: 03.03.2015
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781631927188
    Verlag: BookBaby
    Größe: 775kBytes
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Creating a Culture of Achievement Through Business

CHAPTER 1 Historical Perceptions of People with Disabilities 19th Century Attitudes and Major Events Until the 19th century, people with disabilities were often cared for, or confined, by family members in private homes. With the growth of cities during the Industrial Revolution, the idea spread that people with disabilities, particularly people with mental health challenges, posed a threat to public safety. This perceived threat prompted the creation of asylums to confine patients outside of cities. A two-tiered system of asylums emerged: public hospitals with starkly poor conditions for lower income patients and private hospitals or doctor's residences for wealthy patients. The "out of sight, out of mind" mentality that had existed for centuries continued in the asylums for both types of patients. 1 During this time, supporters of the theory now called Social Darwinism promoted the idea that those who were at the top of society in power or wealth owed nothing to anyone else in society. They also proclaimed that helping others who were less fortunate would make society as a whole weaker. Social Darwinists opposed any sort of aid or accommodations to people with disabilities. 2 20th Century Attitudes and Major Events The late 19th and early 20th centuries started to see a shift in perceptions of people with disabilities. The Civil War greatly increased the population of people with disabilities. Doctors began new research to help people with disabilities and societal attitudes toward veterans with disabilities were more positive than for people with disabilities as the result of birth, illness or accident. 3 "The disabled veteran was not seen in popular culture as a partial or limited person as most other people with disabilities were." 4 World War I again increased the number of people with disabilities as wounded soldiers returned from Europe, including soldiers who had lost their sight as a result of chemical warfare. Pensions and federally-funded rehabilitation programs were established for disabled veterans from both of the Civil War and World War I. 5 It wasn't until the 1920s and 1930s that people with disabilities who were not veterans began to experience some of the programs created originally for veterans. During this era, state pension plans, industrial worker's compensation laws, and local vocational rehabilitation programs were established. 6 The New Deal in the 1930s brought some federal support to people with disabilities through Social Security. 7 Later, inspired by the Civil Rights movement, the grassroots movement for rights of people with disabilities grew throughout the 20th century. Activists used nonviolent protest tactics including sit-ins in federal buildings, blocking inaccessible buses, and staging marches to protest. Activists also brought their movement to the courts and Congress. 8 A historic shift came with the passage of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section 504 banned discrimination on the basis of disability by recipients of federal funds. 9 The Rehabilitation Act was the first federal recognition of the exclusion and segregation of people with disabilities as discrimination. The majority's attitude previously assumed that the problems people with disabilities faced like unemployment and lack of education were inevitable consequences of their disabilities. With the Rehabilitation Act, Congress recognized that people with disabilities' social and economic status was not due to their disability, but a result of societal and attitudinal barriers.

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