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The Gold Coast Regiment in the East African Campaign von Clifford, Sir Hugh Charles (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 30.09.2016
  • Verlag: anboco
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The Gold Coast Regiment in the East African Campaign

The Voyage to and Arrival in East Africa The Advance on the Dar-es-Salaam-Lake Tanganyika Railway The Passage into the Uluguru Mountains-The Battles at Kikirunga Hill and at Nkessa In the Kilwa Area-Gold Coast Hill In the Kilwa Area-In the Southern Valley of the Lower Rufiji In the Kilwa Area-Mnasi and Rumbo In the Kilwa Area-Narungombe The Halt at Narungombe The Advances to Mbombomya and Beka Nahungu and Mitoneno Ruangwa Chini to Mnero Mission Station Lukuledi Expulsion of Von Lettow-Vorbeck from German East Africa Transfer of the Gold Coast Regiment to Portuguese East Africa The Advance from Port Amelia to Meza The Engagement at Medo The Advance from Medo to Koronje and Msalu The Expulsion of Von Lettow-Vorbeck from the Nyassa Company's Territory and the Return of the Gold Coast Regiment to West Africa The Mounted Infantry of the Gold Coast Regiment Honours and Decorations earned in East Africa Strength of the Regiment and Expeditionary Force at Various Periods, and Drafts dispatched to it from the Gold Coast Letters of Appreciation from the General Officer Commanding Pamforce, and from the Gold Coast Government. Resolution passed by the Legislative Council

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: watermark
    Seitenzahl: 486
    Erscheinungsdatum: 30.09.2016
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9783736416789
    Verlag: anboco
    Größe: 1196 kBytes
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The Gold Coast Regiment in the East African Campaign

CHAPTER I
THE VOYAGE TO AND ARRIVAL IN EAST AFRICA

When during the latter days of July, 1914, the prospect of war with the German Empire became imminent, the Gold Coast Regiment was rapidly mobilized, and detachments took up pre-arranged strategical positions on the borders of Togoland. On the declaration of war on the 4th August, the invasion of this German colony was promptly undertaken; and the Regiment, which had been joined at Lome, the capital of Togoland, by a small party of Tirailleurs from Dahomey, pursued the retreating enemy up the main line of railway to Kamina-the site of a very large and important German wireless installation-where, on the 28th August, he was forced to an unconditional surrender.

On the 18th September Major-General Dobell, who had been appointed to command the British and French troops which were about to undertake the invasion of the German Kameruns, arrived off Lome; and the bulk of the Gold Coast Regiment, leaving two companies to occupy the conquered territory in Togoland, and a small garrison in the Gold Coast and Ashanti, joined this Expeditionary Force.

In the Kameruns stiff fighting was experienced, and it was not until the 11th April, 1916, that the Gold Coast Regiment returned to its cantonments at Kumasi, after having been continuously upon active service for a period of twenty months.

In Togoland and in the Kameruns alike the Regiment had won for itself a high reputation for courage and endurance; and the fine spirit animating all ranks was strikingly displayed by the enthusiasm with which the news that the force was again required for active service overseas was received, though at that time the men had enjoyed only a very few weeks' rest in their cantonments at Kumasi. Nor was this due to the courage born of ignorance, for the Regiment had learned from bitter experience the dangers and difficulties of the type of fighting in which it was about once more to take a part. The pursuit through bush and scrub, or through wide expanses of high grass, of a stubborn and crafty enemy is a task which, as many British regiments have learned in places spattered all up and down the tropics, imposes a peculiar strain upon the nerves and upon the endurance of the forces which engage in it. The enemy, who alone knows his plans and his objectives, and whose movements are designed to avoid rather than to seek contact with his pursuers, unless he can attack or sustain attack in circumstances specially favourable to himself, possesses throughout the immense advantage of the initiative. If he elect to retreat, the pursuer must plod after him, whither he knows not, through country which is not of his choice, and with the character of which he has had no opportunity of rendering himself familiar. If the enemy resolves to make a stand, it is almost invariably in a position which he has selected on account of the advantages which it affords to him; and when in due course he has been ejected from it, the pursuit through the Unknown of an elusive and usually invisible enemy begins ab novo , in circumstances which the apparent success has done nothing material to improve. These facts combine to render a campaign in the bush a heart-breaking and nerve-racking experience, even when the enemy is an undisciplined native levy armed with more or less primitive weapons. In the Kameruns, however, and to a much greater degree in East Africa, the enemy was composed of well-trained native soldiers, with a good stiffening of Europeans; he was armed with machine-guns and magazine-rifles; he was supplied with native guides intimately acquainted with every yard of the country; and he was led with extraordinary skill and energy by German officers. It was bush-fighting on a scale never hitherto experienced, with all the advantages which such fighting confers upon the pursued, and the cor

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