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What School Leaders Need to Know About Digital Technologies and Social Media

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 13.09.2011
  • Verlag: Jossey-Bass
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What School Leaders Need to Know About Digital Technologies and Social Media

Facebook, Twitter, Google...today's tech-savvy students are always plugged in. However, all too often their teachers and administrators aren't experienced in the use of these familiar digital tools. If schools are to prepare students for the future, administrators and educators must harness the power of digital technologies and social media. With contributions from authorities on the topic of educational technology, What School Leaders Need to Know About Digital Technologies and Social Media is a compendium of the most useful tools for any education setting. Throughout the book, experts including Will Richardson, Vicki Davis, Sheryl Nussbaum-Beach, Richard Byrne, Joyce Valenza, and many others explain how administrators and teachers can best integrate technology into schools, helping to make sense of the often-confusing world of social media and digital tools. They offer the most current information for the educational use of blogs, wikis and podcasts, online learning, open-source courseware, educational gaming, social networking, online mind mapping, mobile phones, and more, and include examples of these methods currently at work in schools. As the book clearly illustrates, when these tools are combined with thoughtful and deliberate pedagogical practice, it can create a transformative experience for students, educators, and administrators alike. What School Leaders Need to Know About Digital Technologies and Social Media reveals the power of information technology and social networks in the classroom and throughout the education community. Scott McLeod is an associate professor of educational leadership at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky. McLeod created the first graduate program built specifically to prepare tech-savvy school leaders at the University of Minnesota. A recognized expert on K-12 school technology leadership issues, McLeod works with corporate and non-profit institutions to move schools into the 21st century. McLeod also serves as the founding director of the UCEA Center for the Advanced Study of Technology Leadership in Education (CASTLE) and writes the popular education blog, Dangerously Irrelevant (dangerouslyirrelevant.org). Chris Lehmann is the founding principal of the Science Leadership Academy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This groundbreaking school, which integrates technology throughout classrooms and administration, has been recognized as an Apple Distinguished School and was named one of the 'Ten Most Amazing Schools' in Ladies Home Journal. Lehmann was named one of the '30 Most Influential People in EdTech' by Tech & Learning magazine in June 2010 and has received several other distinctions and awards throughout his career. He is a regular speaker and the author of the Practical Theory blog (www.practicaltheory.org). Visit techtoolsforschools.org for additional resources, interviews with chapter authors, and more!

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 224
    Erscheinungsdatum: 13.09.2011
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781118116722
    Verlag: Jossey-Bass
    Größe: 622 kBytes
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What School Leaders Need to Know About Digital Technologies and Social Media

CHAPTER 2

Wikis

Stephanie Sandifer and Vicki A. Davis

Wikis have been around since the mid-1990s when the first wiki, the WikiWikiWeb, was developed by Ward Cunningham. Cunningham had invented a fast way to edit web pages. As he was pondering what to call his new tool, he happened to travel to a Hawaiian airport where he heard of the "wiki wiki" shuttle ( wiki is Hawaiian for fast ). As Wikipedia, the best-known wiki, notes:

A wiki is a website that allows the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor. (Wikipedia, 2010)

Wikis are like envelopes for Internet-based information. They can embed just about any other Web-based tool, including uploaded files, images, blog posts, videos, online calendars, Twitter feeds, and much more. Wikis can simplify educators' work by holding common items together without requiring sophisticated programming knowledge. Best of all, there are many sites such as Wikispaces and Wetpaint that offer free wikis to educators.

EDITING WIKIS

When a wiki is created, it often goes through two phases. During the initial phase of content creation, text, files, and other information are added to the wiki. As the next section illustrates, creating and using a wiki is usually fairly simple. This initial phase often is the most labor-intensive, however, as templates are set up and guidelines are drafted. Although it may be tempting to just cut and paste word processing documents into a wiki, educators should be careful to first save them as rich text files (and then copy from those). Otherwise, pasting directly from word processing documents likely will mess up the formatting of the wiki and make the editing process quite frustrating.

After content has been created, a wiki page usually will shift into editing and maintenance mode. This is when administrators will want to check in and make sure that things are being updated and maintained. Otherwise, the wiki becomes just another site that is not maintained properly.

Editing a wiki is not like opening a document in a shared, online word processor. It's usually best for one person to edit a wiki at a time. If live editing by multiple, simultaneous users is required, an online document processing program such as Google Docs may be preferred. If multiple educators will be editing a wiki, it usually is best to have small edits rather than leaving the page open for extended periods of time; otherwise, overlapping edits may conflict with each other. Additionally, the wiki page itself typically should contain only the desired content. Any conversation about the content or potential edits should occur on the discussion tab reserved for that purpose. For those using wikis extensively, it helps to know how to use the wiki history to understand what is happening and to highlight changes made by others.

Despite what some people think, wikis are not always editable by anyone, although that certainly is an option. Wikis can be private, public but only editable by certain people, or editable by the world at large. Each wiki has rules for editing and viewing that are set by the owners. Sometimes wikis are included in website packages or course management software. One of the hallmarks of wikis is that every individual change is recorded, including the identity of the person who made the edit. Wikis thus facilitate the ability of groups to work together collaboratively while still retaining personal accountability, all the way down to the level of an individual comma.

TIPS FOR WORKING WITH WIKIS

Each wiki page includes links for editing, discussions, and reviewing the revision history. The discussion tab provides access to a discussion forum for each page where content creators and editors can discuss the content and the edits

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