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China's Naval Expansion and Asia's Response von Farook Ali, Khutheibam (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 03.03.2016
  • Verlag: GRIN Publishing
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China's Naval Expansion and Asia's Response

Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Far East, grade: A, Jawaharlal Nehru University (School Of International Studies), language: English, abstract: The Dissertation aims at identifying the variable that explains the variation in the responses of the Asian states to the China's naval modernisation and expansion. Moreover, the work will also look into the factors that drive China's naval modernisation and expansion. The study aims at contributing to the existing literature the variable that explain the variations in the responses and motivations behind China's aggressive seaward turn as China is a land oriented power. A few selected Asian states are in examination. Two small states, South Korea and Taiwan, and two big powers, Japan and India, are taken as case studies to examine the variation in the response. There are vast literatures available on the quantitative aspect of China's modernisation and expansion, and the response to it, but there is lack on the qualitative aspect of the modernisation program and the responses. The Research Questions What factors drive China's naval modernisation and expansion? What are the security implications of China's naval modernisation and expansion for the security of Asian region? How is the region balancing this potential assertiveness and subsequent security threat? Why Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea reacted so differently considering the similar contexts and same disputed waters? How India reacted to the China aggressive moves in the Indian Ocean? Is there a region wide trend in how Asian states respond to the PLA Navy's modernisation and expansion drive? These questions are very crucial for policy and decision-makers alike and the central purpose of this dissertation is to research a comprehensive study of the regional foreign policy to answer these questions. The Hypotheses Domestic as well as international constraints drive China's naval modernisation and expansion. As China's naval expands, a region wide trend of increasing threat perception is observable among the Asian nations. As China's naval expansion and its policy becomes assertive atleast in ECS and SCS, a clear balancing behaviour among the Asian nations is observable. This involves internal balancing in increasing its own naval capabilities as well as external balancing in increasing ties with the U.S. This dissertation proposes that varied responses by the Asian states to the PLA Navy's modernisation and expansion are a reflection of historic memory of war and conflict, and economic dependence rather than only threat and capabilities. Khutheibam Farook Ali is a Senior Research Fellow (SRF) at the Centre for International Politics, Organization and Disarmament (CIPOD), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. He can be contacted at khutheibamfarook(at)gmail(dot)com

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 135
    Erscheinungsdatum: 03.03.2016
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9783668165427
    Verlag: GRIN Publishing
    Größe: 1107 kBytes
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China's Naval Expansion and Asia's Response

Chapter 1.Introduction

On the 23rd of November 2013, China made an announcement regarding the establishment of Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea (ECS). The ADIZ covers airspace over Japan's Senkaku Islands which is claimed by China as Diaoyu Islands. The ADIZ "includes the airspace within the area enclosed by the outer limit of China's territorial waters and six other points" (Dan 2014). The six other points, according to Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC), are 33º11'N (North Latitude) and 121º47'E (East Longitude), 33º11'N and 125º00'E, 31º00'N and 128º20'E, 25º38'N and 125º00'E, 24º45'N and 123º00'E, 26º44'N and 120º58'E (Government of the People's Republic of China 2013). Moreover, China's ADIZ overlaps Japan's established ADIZ in the ECS. China establishment of ADIZ in the contested airspace shows its ability and confidence in its military and particularly in its People Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and People Liberation Army Navy Air Force (PLANAF) in protecting and safeguarding China's sovereignty, territories, and air security while maintaining flight order in the ECS (Osawa 2013). The establishment of the ADIZ suggests that China is strengthening its maritime and insular claims in the region (Hsu 2014: 1).

Earlier in 2012, China launched its first aircraft carrier Liaoning, successfully completed sea trials of combat systems and conducted a formation practice, launching and recovering of JF-15 fighter aircraft in the vessels ( The Guardian 2014). The Liaoning aircraft carrier became the most visible representation of China's ongoing naval modernisation and expansion programme. The aircraft carrier itself is a symbolic manifestation of China's growth in prominence and influence in international politics. Much of China's naval modernisation programme has focused on the implications for Cross Strait relations with Taiwan (Ross 2002) or its potential impacts on the United States (U.S.) regional domination (Holmes 2010). However, another area that needs equal attention is how China's naval modernisation and expansion programme is affecting the Asian nations.

Asia is a unique continent with high levels of economic connectivity and relatively little political and security integration. Relations between China and different nations of Asia are a mix of countervailing trends of ever increasing economic integration and cooperation juxtaposed with a squalid history of past wars, past racial tensions and deadlocked maritime territorial disputes. The Chinese establishment of ADIZ in 2013 sparked tension and confrontation in the ECS region. This event could increase air patrols of different nations in the region as the declared ADIZ overlaps with Japan's ADIZ, and have the potential of "sudden escalation given an accident or miscalculation" (Hsu 2014: 1). The event raises very pertinent questions about how the region is reacting towards China's transformation into a maritime power and its consequent assertiveness.

1.1 The Research Questions

What factors drive China's naval modernisation and expansion? What are the security implications of China's naval modernisation and expansion for the security of Asian region? How is the region balancing this potential assertiveness and subsequent security threat? Why Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea reacted so differently considering the similar contexts and same disputed waters? How India reacted to the China aggressive moves in the Indian Ocean? Is there a region wide trend in how Asian states respond to the PLA Navy's modernisation and expansion drive? These questions are very crucial for policy and decision-makers alike and the central purpose of this dissertation is to research a comprehensive study of the regional foreign policy to answer

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