Foundations of Homeland Security
Foundations of Homeland Security
INTRODUCTION - OVERVIEW - BACKGROUND
"We Have Some Planes" 1
No book about homeland security is complete without mention of 9/11 and reference to The 9/11 Commission Report 2 and other factual reporting about the attack. There is then a discussion of what homeland security is. There are sections on what homeland security looks like from the outside and from the inside, and a discussion about the development ofhomeland security law since 9/11. Next are definitions of terrorism, a list of goals or learning objectives for the reader, and then a little about this text.
Understanding what happened and how September 11, 2001, affected America and the world is important for understanding homeland security law and policy, but is beyond the scope of this book. I recommend readers familiarize themselves with the documented history and background. The 9/11 Commission Report, the result of an intensive government-sponsored investigation, is the official version of the events. Columbia University's The World Trade Center Attack: The Official Documents, 3 and City University of New York/George Mason University's The September 11th Digital Archives 4 both have a wealth of information.
This book and what you are learning about is not just an academic exercise. For a reminder of 9/11, see this poignant video of the burning towers, the people, scene, etc., set to music by Enya. 5
Up From Zero, a one-hour video from the U.S. Department of Labor, is an uplifting profile of the tradespeople who removed what was left of the World Trade Center after 9/11/2001. A remarkable story in itself, made even more so because some of the same workers also helped to build it years earlier. 6
The Boston Marathon bombing on April 15, 2013, is the topic of a remarkable 14-minute video by Chris Bellavita and the CHDS media team. Lilacs out of the Dead Land: 9 Lessons to be Learned from Last Week, introduces many of the issues relevant to understanding homeland security. 7
WHAT IS HOMELAND SECURITY?
Vision of Homeland Security
According to the Homeland Security Council in 2007, "the United States, through a concerted national effort that galvanizes the strengths and capabilities of Federal, State, local, and Tribal governments; the private and non-profit sectors; and regions, communities, and individual citizens - along with our partners in the international community - will work to achieve a secure Homeland that sustains our way of life as a free, prosperous, and welcoming America." 8
More recently, the 2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review described the Homeland Security Vision as "A homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards, where American interests, aspirations, and way of life can thrive." 9
The Department of Homeland Security lists five missions:
Prevent terrorism and enhancing security;
Secure and manage our borders;
Enforce and administer our immigration laws;
Safeguard and secure cyberspace;
Ensure resilience to disasters. 10 Homeland Security Distinguished from Homeland Defense
Homeland security and homeland defense are complementary components of the National Security Strategy. Homeland defense is the protection of US sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical defense infrastructure against external threats and aggression, or other threats... Missions are defined as homeland defense if the nation is under a concerted attack. The Department of Defense (DOD) leads homeland defense and is supported by the other federal agencies. In turn, the DOD supports the nation's homeland security effort, which is led by the Department of Homeland Sec