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CATASTROPHE ALERT! What Is To Be Done Against the Willful Destruction of the Unity of Humanity and Nature? von Engel, Stefan (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 03.03.2016
  • Verlag: VNW - Verlag Neuer Weg
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CATASTROPHE ALERT! What Is To Be Done Against the Willful Destruction of the Unity of Humanity and Nature?

An ever increasing number of local and regional ecological catastrophes plague humanity. They are symptoms of an environmental crisis which is in the process of transforming at an accelerated pace into a global environmental catastrophe. As their chief causes are to be found in the capitalist profit system, the environmental question today calls for a society-changing struggle. This is why we need a new environmental movement which draws a clear dividing line to imperialist environmentalism and organizes its ranks. Militantly, purposefully and on a global scale it must confront the willful destruction of the natural foundations of life by those in power. The book's polemics are intentional. Taking an unequivocal position it intervenes in the debate over the strategy how to resolve the environmental issue.

Stefan Engel was born in 1954. As a trained mechanic he worked in several large factories. He is a free publicist today. He has been politically active since 1968 and has exercised leading functions in the Marxist-Leninist and working-class movement in Germany since 1975. More and more he has also taken on tasks in the coordination of the international revolutionary and working-class movement. His most important theoretical contributions are contained, inter alia, in the books, The Struggle Over the Mode of Thinking in the Working-Class Movement and Class Struggle and the Struggle for the Liberation of Women. The book, Dawn of the International Socialist Revolution, follows up on the topic of his best-known book to date, Twilight of the Gods - Götterdämmerung over the 'New World Order'.


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: watermark
    Seitenzahl: 316
    Erscheinungsdatum: 03.03.2016
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9783880214156
    Verlag: VNW - Verlag Neuer Weg
    Größe: 1903 kBytes
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CATASTROPHE ALERT! What Is To Be Done Against the Willful Destruction of the Unity of Humanity and Nature?

I. On the Fundamental Unity of Humanity and Nature

1. Dialectics of Nature

Scientific concept of nature

In everyday use the term "nature" usually is restricted to individual phenomena in the human environment: the landscape, flora and fauna, or the weather. From the point of view of dialectical materialism , however, the concept of "nature" encompasses the entire universal reality.

Nature consists of an infinite multitude of forms of material motion and constantly changing material states of matter in motion. The best known forms of motion are change of place, friction, heat, light, electricity, magnetism, radioactive radiation, chemical reactions, biochemical metabolism, photosynthesis, etc. As to the material states we can distinguish between gases, solids and liquids or between organic and inorganic matter. These elements of nature mutually determine one another and simultaneously are in continual conflict with one another.

All the different forms of existence of matter are nothing but different natural processes. According to current knowledge these forms range from continuous matter through tiny subatomic particles in the microcosm to gigantic clusters of galaxies and even bigger superstructures in the macrocosm.

With the help of spectrum analysis it could be proved that galaxies and cosmic nebulae, stars and planets like our Earth consist of identical components: the atoms of the chemical elements and subatomic particles. All manifestations and stages of development of matter make up a system of universal coming into being and passing away.

Dialectical materialism takes as starting point that all nature is material – that is to say, exists objectively, independent of the consciousness and will of humans. The motion of matter is governed by dialectical laws of motion. The dialectics of nature can be understood to subsume material motion in its most general form.

At every stage of development of matter, qualitatively new forms and also new laws of motion arise, which humans can investigate, cognize and use. The progress of human knowledge becomes manifest in the degree to which humanity understands the dialectics of nature, as well as in its ability to consciously apply the dialectical method to nature, society, and human thinking, feeling and acting.

Bourgeois cosmology denies the infinity of matter. It considers only matter's concrete forms and treats them as absolute. It has always searched tirelessly, but in vain, for a beginning and end of the universe. According to the prevailing doctrine, the "expansion" of the cosmos is supposed to have begun about 13 to 20 billion years ago out of "nothing," with a "big bang." Marxist-Leninists criticized this "creation story" of bourgeois cosmology from the very beginning; meanwhile it is a subject of very great controversy even among bourgeois scientists.

The concrete natural phenomena are finite, while the universal motion of matter is infinite. The infiniteness of matter in motion is what constitutes its universal identity in the macrocosm and the microcosm.

The origination of matter and motion out of "nothing" is incompatible with the laws of nature. Matter in motion, or material motion, is uncreatable and indestructible. Frederick Engels wrote:

The whole of nature accessible to us forms a system, an interconnected totality of bodies, and by bodies we understand here all material existences extending from stars to atoms, indeed right to ether particles, in so far as one grants the existence of the last named. In the fact that these bodies are interconnected is already included that they react on one another, and it is precisely this

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