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Guidelines for Integrating Management Systems and Metrics to Improve Process Safety Performance von Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 03.02.2016
  • Verlag: Wiley-AIChE
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Guidelines for Integrating Management Systems and Metrics to Improve Process Safety Performance

This book combines the synergies between performance improvement systems to help ensure safe and reliable operations, streamline procedures and cross-system auditing, and supporting regulatory and corporate compliance requirements. Many metrics are common to more than one area, such that a well-designed and implemented integrated management system will reduce the load on the Process Safety, SHE, Security and Quality groups, and improve manufacturing efficiency and customer satisfaction. Systems to improve performance include: process safety; traditional safety, health and environment; and, product quality. Chapters include: Integrating Framework; Securing Support & Preparing for Implementation; Establishing Common Risk Management Systems - How to Integrate PSM into Other EH; Testing Implementation Approach; Developing and Agreeing on Metrics; Management Review; Tracking Integration Progress and Measuring Performance; Continuous Improvement; Communication of Results to Different Stakeholders; Case Studies; and Examples for Industry

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 216
    Erscheinungsdatum: 03.02.2016
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781118795101
    Verlag: Wiley-AIChE
    Größe: 3509 kBytes
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Guidelines for Integrating Management Systems and Metrics to Improve Process Safety Performance

GLOSSARY

This Glossary is current at the time of publication. Please access the CCPS website for the latest Glossary.
Accident Prevention Pillar A group of mutually supporting RBPS elements. The RBPS management system is composed of four accident prevention pillars: (1) commit to process safety, (2) understand hazards and risk, (3) manage risk, and (4) learn from experience. Administrative Control Procedures that will hold human and/or equipment performance within established limits. Barrier Anything used to control, prevent, or impede energy flows. Includes engineering (physical, equipment design) and administrative (procedures and work processes). See also Layer of Protection. Basic Process Control System (BPCS) A system that responds to input signals fromthe process and its associated equipment, other programmable systems, and/or from an operator, and generates output signals causing the process and its associated equipment to operate in the desired manner and within normal production limits. Bow Tie Adiagram for visualizing the types of preventive and mitigative barriers which can be used to manage risk. These barriers are drawn with the threats on the left, the unwanted event at the center, and the consequences on the right, representing the flow of the hazardous materials or energies through its barriers to its destination. The hazards or threats can be proactively addressed on the left with specific barriers (safeguards, layers of protection) to help prevent a hazardous event from occurring; barriers reacting to the event to help reduce the event's consequences are shown on the right. Consequence The direct, undesirable result of an accident sequence usually involving a fire, explosion, or release of toxic material. Consequence descriptions may be qualitative or quantitative estimates of the effects of an accident. Consequence Analysis The analysis of the expected effects of incident outcome cases, independent of frequency or probability. Containment A system condition in which under no condition reactants or products are exchanged between the chemical system and its environment. Engineered Control A specific hardware or software system designed to maintain a process within safe operating limits, to safely shut it down in the event of a process upset, or to reduce human exposure to the effects of an upset. Environmental Group In context of this guideline, the environmental group manages the air, water and land permits, including hazardous waste storage and disposal. Equipment A piece of hardware which can be defined in terms of mechanical, electrical or instrumentation components contained within its boundaries. Equipment Reliability The probability that, when operating under stated environment conditions, process equipment will perform its intended function adequately for a specified exposure period. Event An occurrence involving a process that is caused by equipment performance or human action or by an occurrence external to the process. Explosion A release of energy that causes a pressure discontinuity or blast wave. Explosive A chemical that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas, and heat when

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