A Companion to Nazi Germany
For its brief existence, National Socialist Germany was one of the most destructive regimes in the history of humankind. Since that time, scholarly debate about its causes has volleyed continuously between the effects of political and military decisions, pathological development, or modernity gone awry. Was terror the defining force of rule, or was popular consent critical to sustaining the movement? Were the German people sympathetic to Nazi ideology, or were they radicalized by social manipulation and powerful propaganda? Was the 'Final Solution' the motivation for the Third Reich's rise to power, or simply the outcome? A Companion to Nazi Germany addresses these crucial questions with historical insight from the Nazi Party's emergence in the 1920s through its postwar repercussions. From the theory and context that gave rise to the movement, through its structural, cultural, economic, and social impacts, to the era's lasting legacy, this book offers an in-depth examination of modern history's most infamous reign. Assesses the historiography of Nazism and the prehistory of the regime Provides deep insight into labor, education, research, and home life amidst the Third Reich's ideological imperatives Describes how the Third Reich affected business, the economy, and the culture, including sports, entertainment, and religion Delves into the social militarization in the lead-up to war, and examines the social and historical complexities that allowed genocide to take place Shows how modern-day Germany confronts and deals with its recent history
Today's political climate highlights the critical need to understand how radical nationalist movements gain an audience, then followers, then power. While historical analogy can be a faulty basis for analyzing current events, there is no doubt that examining the parallels can lead to some important questions about the present. Exploring key motivations, environments, and cause and effect, this book provides essential perspective as radical nationalist movements have once again reemerged in many parts of the world.
A Companion to Nazi Germany
Notes on Contributors
Aleida Assmann was Professor of English Literature and Literary Theory at the University of Konstanz, Germany (1993-2014), and holds guest professorships at various universities (Princeton, Yale, Chicago, and Vienna). Her main areas of research are the history of media and cultural memory, with special emphasis on Holocaust and trauma. Publications in English are Memory in a Global Age: Discourses, Practices and Trajectories (ed. with Sebastian Conrad, 2010), Cultural Memory and Western Civilization: Functions, Media, Archives (2012), and Introduction to Cultural Studies: Topics, Concepts, Issues (2012).
Shelley Baranowski is Distinguished Professor of History Emerita at the University of Akron, Ohio. Her most recent books include Nazi Empire: German Colonialism and Imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler (2011) and Strength through Joy: Consumerism and Mass Tourism in the Third Reich (2004). Her current book project is a study of mass violence among the Axis empires.
Frank Becker is Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Duisburg-Essen. He received his doctorate in history at the University of Münster in 1992, where he received his habilitation in 1998. In 2003, he was Visiting Scholar at the German Historical Institute London and, in 2006, Visiting Professor at Vienna University. His publications include Bilder von Krieg und Nation: Die Einigungskriege in der bürgerlichen Öffentlichkeit Deutschlands (1864-1913) (2001), Den Sport gestalten: Carl Diems Leben (1882-1962) (2013), and Zivilisten und Soldaten. Entgrenzte Gewalt in der Geschichte (ed., 2015).
Marc Buggeln is a research assistant at the Humboldt-University in Berlin. He received his PhD from the University of Bremen in 2008 with a study on the satellite camp system of the Neuengamme concentration camp. This study won the Herbert-Steiner-Preis in 2009 and the translation funding prize Geisteswissenschaften International in 2011. He is a member of the editorial board of HSozKult . Currently he is working on a history of public finance in West Germany.
David Clarke is Senior Lecturer in German at the University of Bath. He has published research on German literature and film, with a particular focus on the German Democratic Republic and cultural memory. His most recent research addresses the politics of memory in relation to human rights abuses in the German Democratic Republic. He is co-author, with Ute Wölfel, of Remembering the German Democratic Republic: Divided Memory in a United Germany (2011).
Charles E. Closmann is an associate professor of history at the University of North Florida. His research interests include the environmental history of water pollution in Nazi Germany and the relationship between war and the environment. His current project concerns the history of militarized landscapes in Florida.
Debórah Dwork is the Rose Professor of Holocaust History and the founding director of the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University. She is a leading authority on university education in this field, as well as her area of scholarship: Holocaust history. One of the first historians to record Holocaust survivors' oral histories and to use their narratives as a scholarly source, Dwork's books include Children With A Star (1991) and, with Robert Jan Van Pelt, Auschwitz ; (1270-1996) and Flight from the Reich (2009).
Jörg Echternkamp is Associate Professor for Modern History at Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, and Research Director at the Centre for Military History and Social Sciences, Potsdam. He held the Alfred Grosser chair at Sciences Po, Paris, in 2012-2013. Key publications are Soldaten im Nachkrieg (2014), Germany and the Second World War, Volume 9/1-2: