A Companion to Moral Anthropology
A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies.
Represents the first collection to provide a broad picture of a new field of research, moral anthropology, that includes the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities and the exploration of moral economies
Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism
Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics
Didier Fassin is the James D. Wolfensohn Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University. Trained as a physician in internal medicine and public health, Fassin dedicated his early research to medical anthropology, before developing a domain he terms political and moral anthropology. He is the Director-founder of the Interdisciplinary Research Institute on Social Issues (IRIS, Paris), former Chair of the Social Science and Humanities Committee of the French National Research Agency, and former Vice-President of Médecins sans Frontières.
A Companion to Moral Anthropology
Notes on Contributors
Kwame Anthony Appiah is Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Philosophy and the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University. He grew up in Ghana and was educated at the University of Cambridge, where he took undergraduate and doctoral degrees in philosophy. He has written widely in philosophy of mind and language, ethics and political philosophy, and the philosophy of art, of culture, and of the social sciences; as well as in literary studies, where his focus has been on African and African American literature. His current research focuses on questions about the connection between theory and practice in moral life. He is the editor, with Henry Louis Gates Jr., of the five-volume Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African-American Experience (Oxford University Press, 2005). His recent publications include The Ethics of Identity (Princeton University Press, 2005); Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (Norton, 2006), which has been translated into more than a dozen languages; Che cos'è l'Occidente ? (Fondazione San Carlo di Modena, 2008); Experiments in Ethics (Harvard University Press, 2009); and The Honor Code: How Moral Revolutions Happen (Norton, 2010).
Nicolas Baumard is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania. After an education in natural sciences (biology and cognitive sciences) and in human sciences (social sciences and philosophy), he completed his PhD at the Institut Jean-Nicod in Paris before joining the Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology in Oxford. Inspired by contractualist theories, his work is based on the idea that morality aims at sharing the costs and benefits of social interactions in a mutually advantageous way. This theory has led to a book, Comment nous sommes devenus moraux: une histoire naturelle du bien et du mal (Odile Jacob, 2010) and a series of articles in evolutionary biology, experimental psychology, and cognitive anthropology.
Jonathan Benthall is an Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Anthropology, University College London, and an Associate Fellow with the Humanitarian and Conflict Research Institute, University of Manchester. He was formerly Director of the Royal Anthropological Institute and Founder Editor of Anthropology Today , as well as Chair of the International NGO Training and Research Centre, Oxford. In 1993 he received the American Anthropological Association's Anthropology in Media Award. Since 2005 he has advised on projects sponsored by the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs relating to Islamic charities. His publications include Disasters, Relief and the Media (I. B. Tauris, 1993; new edn. 2010), The Best of "Anthropology Today " (as editor; Routledge, 2002), The Charitable Crescent: Politics of Aid in the Muslim World (with Jérôme Bellion-Jourdan; I. B. Tauris, 2003; new paperback edn. 2008), and Returning to Religion: Why a Secular Age is Haunted by Faith (I. B. Tauris, 2008). He reviews regularly for the Times Literary Supplement .
João Biehl is the Susan Dod Brown Professor of Anthropology and Faculty Associate at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. He is also the co-director of Princeton's Program in Global Heath and Health Policy. He is the author of the award-winning books Vita: Life in a Zone of Social Abandonment (University of California Press, 2005) and Will to Live: AIDS Therapies and the Politics of Survival (Princeton University Press, 2007). He