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Microphysics of Atmospheric Phenomena von Smirnov, Boris (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 30.09.2016
  • Verlag: Springer-Verlag
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Microphysics of Atmospheric Phenomena

This book investigates elementary processes in the Earth's atmosphere involving photons, electrons, ions, radicals, and aerosols. It is based on global atmospheric models such as the standard atmospheric model with averaged atmospheric parameters across the globe and over time, the Earth's energetic balance, and the global electric circuit that allows to analyze fundamental atmospheric properties to be analyzed. Rate constants of elementary processes in the Earth's atmosphere, together with measured atmospheric parameters and existing concepts of atmospheric phenomena, are used in the analysis of global and local atmospheric processes. Atmospheric photoprocesses result from the interaction of solar radiation with the atmosphere and processes involving ions, oxygen atoms, excited atomic particles and ozone molecules. Atmospheric electricity as a secondary phenomenon to atmospheric water circulation results in a chain of processes that begins with collisions of water aerosols in different aggregate states. Cosmic rays are of importance for atmospheric electricity, as they create positive and negative ions in the air. Air breakdown in an electric field of clouds in the form of lightning may develop under the influence of cosmic ray-created seed electrons, which are necessary for electron multiplication in ionization wave-streamers. The upper atmosphere (ionosphere) is formed under solar radiation in a vacuum ultraviolet spectrum, and absorption of this radiation leads to air photoionization. The greenhouse effect is determined by atmospheric water, whereas transitions between a water vapor and aerosols may lead to a change in atmospheric optical depth. Carbon dioxide contributes in small portions to the atmospheric greenhouse effect. Cosmic rays are of importance for atmospheric discharge, the origin of lightning and cloud formation in the first stage of aerosol growth. This book provides a qualitative description of atmospheric properties and phenomena based on elementary processes and simple models.
Boris Smirnov was born in 1938 in Moscow. In 1962 he graduated from Moscow's Engineering-Physical Institute in Theoretical Nuclear Physics. He got the dissertation of Candidate of Phys. Mat. Science in 1964, and Doctor of Phys. Mat. Science in 1968. He became a Professor of Physics in 1970. In the years 1962-1982 he was Head of Laboratory at Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy (Moscow), from 1982-1986 Head of Laboratory at Institute of Thermophysics (Novosibirsk) and from 1986 Head of Laboratory, Head of Department and now Principal Scientific at Joint Institute for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Science. B.M. Smirnov was a member of the editorial Board of several journals of various publishers. He was Professor of the Moscow Power Institute, Novosibirsk, State University and the Moscow Institute of Science and Technology. He was a laureate of the National Prize of Russia. His research is focused on Theoretical Physics, Atomic, Molecular, Cluster, Plasma and Chemical Physics. He is author of 53 books and about 500 papers.


    Format: PDF
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 270
    Erscheinungsdatum: 30.09.2016
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9783319308135
    Verlag: Springer-Verlag
    Größe: 7131kBytes
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