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Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment von Bosher, Lee (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 03.04.2017
  • Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
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Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment provides a multi-facetted introduction to how a wide range of risk reduction options can be mainstreamed into formal and informal construction decision making processes, so that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can become part of the 'developmental DNA'. The contents highlight the positive roles that practitioners such as civil and structural engineers, urban planners and designers, and architects (to name just a few) can undertake to ensure that disaster risk is addressed when (re)developing the built environment. The book does not set out prescriptive ('context blind') solutions to complex problems because such solutions can invariably generate new problems. Instead it raises awareness, and in doing so, inspires a broad range of people to consider DRR in their work or everyday practices. This highly-illustrated text book provides a broad range of examples, case studies and thinking points that can help the reader to consider how DRR approaches might be adapted for differing contexts. About the Authors Lee Bosher is Senior Lecturer in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the School of Civil and Building Engineering at Loughborough University. Lee has a background in disaster risk management and his research and teaching includes disaster risk reduction and the multi-disciplinary integration of proactive hazard mitigation strategies into the decision-making processes of key stakeholders, particularly stakeholders from the construction industry. He is coordinator of the International Council for Building (CIB) Working Commission W120 on 'Disasters and the Built Environment', has undertaken consultancy work on DRR matters for the United Nations and has been an invited speaker at conferences in USA, UK, Iran, Israel and Pakistan. Ksenia Chmutina is a Research Associate in the School of Civil and Building Engineering at Loughborough University. Ksenia has a background in sustainability and her research includes synergies of resilience and sustainability in the built environment and resilience of small developing island states. Other research interests are related to the stakeholders' engagement in disaster risk reduction activities, policy environment for the DRR, as well as energy efficiency, decentralised energy and energy policy.


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 304
    Erscheinungsdatum: 03.04.2017
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781118921517
    Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
    Größe: 36980 kBytes
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Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment

List of Figures

Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1.1 Locals dealing with the aftermath of the 2015 Nepalese earthquake
Figure 1.2 Potential interrelationships between climate change and hazards/threats
Figure 1.3 Global GHG emissions by country and by sector
Figure 1.4 IPCC Sea level rise projections: Compilation of paleo sea level data, tide gauge data, altimeter data, and central estimates and likely ranges for projections of global mean sea level rise for RCP2.6 (blue) and RCP8.5 (red) scenarios (Section 13.5.1), all relative to pre-industrial values (2013)
Figure 1.5 Total number of people reported affected by disasters, globally between 1915-2015
Figure 1.6 Total number of disasters associated with natural hazards 1915-2015
Figure 1.7 Total number of people killed by disasters associated with natural hazards 1915-2015
Figure 1.8 Total number of people killed by technological disasters 1915-2015
Figure 1.9 Total number of people affected by technological disasters 1915-2015
Figure 1.10 Total number of disasters associated with different types of natural hazards 1965-2015
Figure 1.11 Total economic damages caused by disasters associated with natural hazards between 1960-2015 (values normalized to 2014 US$)
Figure 1.12 Share of life years lost across income groups
Chapter 2: Disaster Risk Reduction
Figure 2.1 Devastation caused by the 2010 Haiti earthquake
Figure 2.2 Example of a two-person 72-hour emergency kit go bag
Figure 2.3 Reconstruction in Nepal after the 2015 earthquakes
Figure 2.4 The components of resilience.
Figure 2.5 El Niño and La Nina conditions
Figure 2.6 Sendai UN Conference on DRR in March 2015
Figure 2.7 Making cities resilient campaign
Figure 2.8 Promoting community resilience to extreme weather in Cambodia.
Figure 2.9 Phases of disaster risk management.
Figure 2.10 Typical illustration of the "disaster cycle."
Figure 2.11 Phases of disaster
Figure 2.12 A typical risk matrix.
Figure 2.13 Overview of the risk management decision-making framework.
Chapter 3: Flooding
Figure 3.1 Amount of climate related disasters globally 1980-2011 (UNISDR, 2012).
Figure 3.2 Illustration of the different types of flood risk
Figure 3.3 Flooding in Carlisle, England in January 2005. Poor planning contributed to critical services such as the emergency services, local government offices and electricity substations being located in flood prone areas
Figure 3.4 A flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river that stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and experiences flooding during periods of high discharge
Figure 3.5 The stretch of track at Dawlish in south Devon was left hanging when the sea wall built to protect it was destroyed during a storm, which battered the south west of England in February 2014
Figure 3.6 Tewkesbury Abbey located on high ground and thus protected from the 2007 floods that affected the rest of the Tewkesbury, England
Figure 3.7 Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System (in modern day Iran) inscribed as a UNESCO heritage site is an ancient wonder of water management that can be traced back to Darius the Great in the fifth century B.C.
Figure 3.8 Traditional house elevated over a floodplain in Cambodia
Figure 3.9 Example of an EA flood risk map that has been designed for use by the general public, in this case showin

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