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A Comparative Vocabulary Study Guide Spanish to Portuguese to English to Chinese von O'Brian, Robert (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 01.03.2014
  • Verlag: First Edition Design Publishing
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A Comparative Vocabulary Study Guide

A Comparative Vocabulary Study Guide: Spanish to English to Portuguese to Chinese is a four language vocabulary guide highlighting over 5,000 selected Spanish words that have either the same spelling and meaning as their English and Portuguese language counterparts or contain easily recognizable English and Portuguese meanings with a comparison to their Chinese language equivalents. Robert D. O'Brian is a retired attorney and corporate business consultant. He has taught English to Japanese business executives and is a graduate of the Army's Japanese language and familiarization course at Fort Holabird, MD. He has degrees from The University of Notre Dame (B.S.), New York University (M.B.A.) and, Seton Hall University (J.D.).


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: watermark
    Seitenzahl: 100
    Erscheinungsdatum: 01.03.2014
    Sprache: Spanisch
    ISBN: 9781622875443
    Verlag: First Edition Design Publishing
    Größe: 918 kBytes
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A Comparative Vocabulary Study Guide

Chinese Pronunciation Guide

The Chinese phonetic alphabet (Pinyin) is a system which converts Chinese characters into the Roman alphabet to be pronounced according to a combination of English sounds and tonal pitches.

The Pinyin pronunciations for each English letter or combinations of letters could vary because spoken Chinese has a variety of regional preferences. The following illustrates the most prevalent pronunciations:

1. The consonants B, D, F, G, H, K, L, M, N, P, S, T W and Y have the same sound as in English. But,

c like the English ts in its/ ca ts

j like the English j in j eer/ j erk/ j ack/ j ar

q like the English ch in ch eer/ chee se/ ch eat, with a strong puff of air

r like the English ur in leis ur e/s ure , with the tongue rolled back

x like the English ss/sh/se as in see/she/sea (whole word), with a gentle hissing


z like the English ds/dz as in li ds/ ki ds/ be ds

ch like the English ch in church , with the tongue rolled back and a strong puff of


sh like the English sh in sh oe/ sh red, with the tongue rolled back

zh like the English j , with the tongue rolled back

2. The vowels have these sounds:

a like the English ar/ah as in f ar/ah

e like the English er/eh/uh as in h er /l e t/h ur t

i like the English ee as in s ee/ f ee/ b ee

o like the English or/oh as in f or

u like the English ue/oo/ew as in s ue/ w oo/ s oo n/p ew

ü like the French u as in r ue or the German ü as in über

Some additional sounds of importance are:

chi like the sound chur as in the English churn

ci like the sound tsur as in the English surf

ei like the sound ay as in the English s ay/ m ay/ h ay

ie like the sound yeh as in the English yellow

iu like the sound yo as in the English yoyo

ou like the sound oh as in the English oh/ought/owe

ri like the sound rur as in the English rural

shi like the sound shur as in the English shirt/shire/shirr/shirk

si like the sound sur as in the English sur face /sur f / ab sur d /sur ge

ui like the sound way as in the English way/ s way/ a way

uo like the sound war

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