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SUPPLEMENT III: The Facts of Time and Change Supplement III for One Thought Experiment: TIME is A Quantum System of Clocks & Anti-Clocks von Yecheskel, Eli (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 28.04.2011
  • Verlag: eli yecheskel
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SUPPLEMENT III: The Facts of Time and Change

This supplement is the first version of the monograph One Thought Experiment: TIME is A Quantum System of Clocks & Anti-Clocks


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: none
    Seitenzahl: 171
    Erscheinungsdatum: 28.04.2011
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9780557850341
    Verlag: eli yecheskel
    Größe: 1735kBytes
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SUPPLEMENT III: The Facts of Time and Change

I. The Meaning Of Time And Change

Time is a standard sequence of consequences of change in the relative state of an entity or a system of entities. It has three dimensions: the infinite flow of time with natural direction "t, a pattern "f (i, t)," with dynamically changing direction, where 'I" is the rate of change in making a difference to the state of an entity relative to its state of reference, and effectiveness "T" for recording consequences and direction of time and change. Effectiveness is defined as the duration from the instant a source begins to make a difference to the state of entity, relative to a reference state, to the instant that the source ends making a difference to the state of the same entity, relative to the same reference state. "T" also corresponds with quality level of a consequence: the higher it is (for a given order of "i") the higher is the quality level.

Time has a non-linear generic formula T = F [t, f (i, t)], which serves as a universal quantifier of consequences having fundamental relations: the relations in the set of all true consequences (to be defined) are not derived from other relations. A very high rate of change (from say 100% to plus infinity) is associated with chaotic state and a very low rate of change (say 0 or minus infinity) is associated with [ relative ] order. In between these two extreme possibilities there are rates of change, which correspond to different degrees of order: the higher the rate of change is the less orderly the state is. Any state or a change in the state of an entity or in a system of entities is represented by a consequence. A change is a difference between two sequential consequences: the consequence which he new state is represented by and the consequence, which represents the state of reference (basic consequence). No change therefore represents indifference between such consequences. Any change has relative direction: it may be positive or negative relative to the state of reference but not both. Each change has hierarchical status with the initial consequence having no "inferior" states preceding it and the "finite" consequence having no "superior" consequences following it (the ultimate consequence.) Time and change are inseparable: without change there is not sense of time direction and without time there are no consequences. Time does induce consequences: as time flows, consequences will become evident even if a change is not induced.

The three time-based dimensional space shall be known as the Space of Time. The Space of Time consists of a single-tier three-dimensional coordinate system if all states are represented relative to one state of reference, and have the same unit of time and natural direction. It consists of a multi-tier three-dimensional coordinate system if the reference state for an entity or a system of entities becomes the initial state for another entity or a system of entities with the same or different units of time. For example, when water is being boiled, the rate of change of its state increases until the rate reaches its maximum (for the material that water is made of) and the water boils. If the boiling water is let to cool off, its new boiling state serves as the initial reference state for the subsequent states. This reference state becomes the origin of the new three-dimensional coordinate system in which the consequences associated with the cooling process can be represented. The new origin, as is discussed later in this paper, is the point that is common to three rates of change: positive, negative, and zero. With the flow of time, the boiling water retains its maximum rate of change. A new initial state is established. The boiled water discreetly or continuously reduces the rate of change of its state until the rate of change is zero. It remains at relative rest until it is &

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