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Useful Grammar of English von Manser, Martin (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 22.04.2015
  • Verlag: BookBaby
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Useful Grammar of English

This basic English grammar is aimed at those who are taking their first steps in learning English. It will also be helpful to native speakers who want to improve their grasp of the grammatical rules of English. The text is divided into sections consisting of several units, each of which considers an aspect of English grammar, for example: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions. English grammar is not easy, but this introduction will make it less difficult.

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: none
    Seitenzahl: 90
    Erscheinungsdatum: 22.04.2015
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781483553580
    Verlag: BookBaby
    Größe: 132kBytes
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Useful Grammar of English

Nouns Countable and uncountable nouns One way in which nouns are thought of is to separate them into countable and uncountable. Most ordinary nouns are countable. Examples are boy, computer, phone, shirt, jacket, banana, washing-machine, bus, airport . If a noun is countable, this means it is possible to put a number in front of it: two boys, three computers. It is also possible to put a or an in front of a countable noun. (On the use of a or an , see articles ). Countable nouns can appear in the plural: boys, computers, buses. Grammar extra Spellings of plurals Most countable nouns are made plural by adding - s : boys, computers, bananas. - Nouns that end with the letters -ch, -s, -sh and -x generally add - es : batches, buses, crosses, fishes, boxes. - Nouns that end in a consonant and -y have the plural -ies: armies, babies, cities, stories, territories. But proper nouns sometimes take the regular - s ending: the O'Reillys. - Some nouns that end in -f or -fe add - s : beliefs, gulfs, roofs, while others end -ves : calves, halves, selves, thieves. No one rule covers every noun; you have to learn individual words. With certain words, the plurals -fs and -ves are both acceptable: dwarfs/dwarves ; hoofs/hooves ; scarf/scarves. - Words that end in -is generally have -es in the plural: axis/axes, crisis/crises. - Many nouns that end in -o add an -s in the plural: pianos, solos, videos. Others have an -es ending: echoes, tomatoes, volcanoes. - Some words are completely irregular: the plural of mouse is mice (sometimes mouses for computer devices). Also: child/children, foot/feet, goose/geese, man/men, person/people and woman/women. Uncountable nouns cannot normally be used with a or an and cannot be counted or made plural; it is not possible to put a number in front of them. Examples of uncountable nouns are mud, rice, juice, money, traffic, congestion, ignorance. Uncountable nouns are words that refer to: examples food rice, chocolate, butter, cheese, margarine, fish, sugar, salt, spaghetti materials paper, plastic, cotton liquids water, oil, milk, tea, coffee, juice abstract qualities information, knowledge, ignorance, beauty, happiness, absence, fear, patience, luck other general words money, advice, time, experience, music, homework, work, weather With uncountable nouns, a phrase is often added that means 'a quantity of' or 'a piece of': advice : a piece of advice chocolate : a bar of chocolate luck : a stroke of luck rice : a grain of rice thunder : a clap of thunder Some nouns are both

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